There is a commonplace that ensures that music can be enjoyed on equal terms by all those who are willing to listen to it. A perspective that would unite in the same bag both small and old, and also listeners cultivated with others who for one reason or another have not received training in this sense, and who draw a truth that no less certainly does not stop be incomplete Since music education can open doors to aspects that we might have overlooked in the absence of this training, while providing other pedagogical benefits that positively affect the development of its listeners, especially among the youngest . An extreme that has led countries like Switzerland to guarantee constitutionally its introduction into the school curriculum, although in other countries its implementation has been relegated to a curricular subject and the goodwill of teachers who consider that the development of musical intelligence of their students has, in fact, the importance we will defend from this post
Music and integral development
Considered one of the multiple intelligences theorized by Howard Gardner, we can define musical intelligence as the ability of people to perceive and express themselves through music in any of its possible forms, and that is specified from the following characteristics:
- The aforementioned ability to express and perceive musical forms.
- Learning rhythms and/or songs that relate this intelligence to the linguistic development of the listeners.
- Sensitivity to inharmonic, out of tune, or atonal sounds, without this ability to differentiate the harmonic, the tuned and the total from what is not implied in itself a value judgment. The ability to discern one another does not mean that the listener establishes a comparative grievance between them.
- Capacity for musical composition or for playing instruments, a skill related to fine motor skills.
- Taste for music, either in the form of improvised rhythms or musical compositions.
Factors, all of them, that have important benefits for the development of people, especially the younger ones, such as the following:
- It encourages creativity, abstract thinking, and memory, through the assumption of musical patterns that, after having been internalized, can be repeated and reverted.
- Greater verbal ability and idiomatic competence, closely related to the linguistic development that brings the learning of rhythms and songs before mentioned. This is especially important in listeners at such an early age that, therefore, they are still in the process of formation.
- Greater development of mathematical intelligence, with which it is closely related in many of its aspects.
- Whenever they are allowed to develop more formally, through music classes, for example, it implies a greater capacity for self-discipline and perseverance in learning. And all this through the motivation that generates one of the qualities that every music fan knows: enjoying music is a real pleasure for your listeners.
- Through music education understood as the learning of musical instruments, socialization is fostered among the different members of a musical band, motivated to collaborate with each other to achieve a final result that would be impossible to achieve alone.
- From the contextualization of the different musical themes studied, themes that are apparently alien to the musical, such as those related to sociology, history or art history, among others, can be addressed.
But, summarized the benefits of an education that allows the development of musical intelligence, how can we work it from the classroom?
Introduce music education in your classes
As teachers, you may be wondering how to introduce music education in your schools, outside of the curricular subject dedicated to the musical learning of instruments and singing. In this regard, we can not stop recommending you to investigate pedagogical-musical methods such as the Orff, Dalcroze, Kodaly, Willems or Martenot methods, which go far beyond the scope of this article. That is why, in exchange, and with no intention of establishing a chair, we suggest some tips so that you can carry out your goal of promoting musical intelligence. from a series of strategies that we believe can be adapted to students of an early age without too much difficulty:
- Introduce some musical moments in your classes and, as far as possible, talk with your students about the impressions and emotions generated by that piece of music. When you have done it more than once, do not hesitate to compare some melodies so that your students can establish rhythmic and/or stylistic distinctions between them.
- Adapt some of the elements that you treat in class to the musical language. Doing so will not only allow your students to learn meaningfully from the subject they teach but also to develop their musical intelligence.
- As far as possible, introduce musical instruments in the classroom to underline concepts or tones that you want to transmit, and which can be reinterpreted musically by your students.
Do you encourage the development of musical intelligence of your students? Do you dynamize your classes through music education? Share your strategies and impressions with us, as well as this post with your contacts.